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Curly Endive, Galia Frisse

Short Description

Sweet and compact curly endive.

Full Description

With its compact head and finely cut leaves, this frisse is well suited for small gardens. Frequently used in salads with lettuce, the slightly bitter flavor is a perfect accent for any salad. Galia frisée is much milder than endive and radicchio and delicious when paired with fruity dressings. The fine, curly leaves provide an appealing texture to the flatter lettuce leaves producing different sort of bite.
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Product properties

Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.

40-70 days

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Sun

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

6 inches

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

8-10 inches

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Direct Sow/Indoor Sow

Planting Time The recommended time of the year in which this product should be planted.

Fall, Spring

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How To Direct Sow Seeds
How To Direct Sow Seeds
Learn how to direct sow seeds from Burpee's expert horticulturist.
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How To Plant & Grow Lettuce
How To Plant & Grow Lettuce
Learn how to plant and grow lettuce from Burpee's expert horticulturist.
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  • Endive

    Start Indoors Start Indoors Starting seeds indoors is called Indoor Sow or Indirect Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds indoors in the spring or summer
    Transplant Transplant When to transplant bulbs or roots in the garden for spring
    Start Outdoors Start Outdoors Starting seeds outdoors is called Outdoor Sow or Direct Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the spring or summer
    Start Indoors Fall Start Indoors Fall Starting seeds indoors in the fall called Indoor Sow or Indirect Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the fall
    Transplant Fall Transplant Fall Transplant Fall-When to transplant bulbs or roots in the garden for fall
    Start Outdoors Fall Start Outdoors Fall Starting seeds outdoors in the fall is called Outdoor Sow or Direct Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the fall
    First Date: Apr-18 - Last Date: May-16
    First Date: Aug-06 - Last Date: Sep-17

How to Sow Endive

  • For optimum flavor, grow in cool weather after danger of frost. Will not germinate at temperatures over 80 degrees F.
  • Sow in average soil in full sun in early spring for the first crop and again in late summer for a fall crop.
  • In rows 12 inches apart, sow seed directly in the ground ¼ inch deep and cover with fine soil. Firm lightly and keep evenly moist.
  • Seedlings emerge in 7-10 days depending on soil and weather conditions.
  • Thin gradually to stand 8 inches apart so there is enough room for the heads to develop.

How to Grow Endive

  • Growing endive plant in soilWhen leaves reach 10 inches long, about 40 days after sowing, tie them together to blanch the center leaves.
  • Blanching helps improve the flavor by making the leaves less bitter. Remove bands during rain periods to prevent rotting.
  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
  • Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated. Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.

Endive Harvesting and Preserving Tips

  • Start harvesting when leaves are 4-6 inches.
  • If blanching, cut the plants at their base after two to three weeks of blanching and discard the outer leaves.
  • Use the slightly bitter inner leaves to add depth to salads as a garnish.
  • Store in the refrigerator. Wash prior to use.

Starting Vegetable Plants from Seeds

Days To Maturity
40-70 days
Full Sun
6 inches
8-10 inches
Sow Method
Direct Sow/Indoor Sow
Planting Time
Fall, Spring
Sow Time
2-4 weeks BLF
6 inches
Life Cycle
Curly Endive, Galia Frisse is rated 3.0 out of 5 by 2.
Rated 1 out of 5 by from A terrible dud! Planted about 20 seeds; germination 3 - 2 of those 3 died shortly after germinating. Tried a 2nd time - NO germination. Ordered from Eden Brothers and planted a 3rd try of Burpee along with new seeds from Eden. No germination from Burpee; almost 100% from Eden. So - no user error here. Only Burpee seed error.
Date published: 2019-10-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Endive Galia Frisse For a lettuce type for fresh salads this endive beats all comers. It survives the cold here in the high desert region by Los Angeles above 3,000 ft. and is an excellent tasting green. I always try and find this one for a fall planting.
Date published: 2013-03-14
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