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Cabbage, Earliana

Short Description

One of the earliest maturing varieties.

Full Description

Earliana has small, deep, round, green heads up to 4 1/2 to 5" across with superb flavor and weigh in at 2 lb. or more. As its name implies, Earliana matures early: ready in just 60 days after setting plants in garden. GARDEN HINTS: For earlier harvest, sow seeds indoors in a sunny spot or under plant lights 6-8 weeks before outdoor planting date. Avoid planting in garden area where cabbage family was grown the year before. Stands light frost.
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Product properties

Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.

60 days

Fruit Size The average size of the fruit produced by this product.

5 inches

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Sun

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

12 inches

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

9-18 inches

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Indoor Sow

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Meet the Brassica family- Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Kale
Meet the Brassica family- Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Kale
Planted in Spring or for Fall these fun favorites are packed with nutrition and are very easy to grow.
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Planting Broccoli
Planting Broccoli
The flavor of garden-fresh broccoli is beyond compare to anything you find in the supermarket. This cool-season favorite is best grown in spring and fall.
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How to Sow and Plant

Cabbage may be direct sown or started indoors early for fall and spring crops, or purchased as transplants for a fall crop.

Sowing Seed Indoors:

  • Sow seeds from spring to early summer in the north; in the south and other frost-free areas, sow from fall to spring.
  • Start seeds indoors about 8 weeks before outdoor planting.
  • Sow seeds ¼ inches deep in seed-starting formula
  • Keep the soil moist at 70 degrees F
  • Seedlings emerge in 10-21 days
  • As soon as seedlings emerge, provide plenty of light on a sunny windowsill or grow seedlings 3-4 inches beneath fluorescent plant lights turned on 16 hours per day, off for 8 hours at night. Raise the lights as the plants grow taller. Incandescent bulbs will not work for this process because they will get too hot. Most plants require a dark period to grow, do not leave lights on for 24 hours.
  • Seedlings do not need much fertilizer, feed when they are 3-4 weeks old using a starter solution (half strength of a complete indoor houseplant food) according to manufacturer’s directions.
  • If you are growing in small cells, you may need to transplant the seedlings to 3 or 4 inch pots when seedlings have at least 3 pairs of leaves before transplanting to the garden so they have enough room to develop strong roots.
  • Before planting in the garden, seedling plants need to be “hardened off”. Accustom young plants to outdoor conditions by moving them to a sheltered place outside for a week. Be sure to protect them from wind and hot sun at first. If frost threatens at night, cover or bring containers indoors, then take them out again in the morning. This hardening off process toughens the plant’s cell structure and reduces transplant shock and scalding.

Sowing Directly in the Garden:

  • Sow seeds from spring to early summer in the north; in the south and other frost-free areas, sow from fall to spring.
  • Sow in average soil in a sunny location in early spring or in midsummer for a fall crop.
  • In rows 2 feet apart, sow seeds thinly and cover with ¼ inch of fine soil.
  • Keep evenly moist. Water gently.
  • Seedlings emerge in 10-21 days.
  • Thin to stand about 24 inches apart when seedlings are 2-3 inches high.

Planting from Transplants in Fall:

  • Select a location in full sun with good rich moist organic soil.
  • Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Level with a rake to remove clumps of grass and stones.
  • Dig a hole for each plant large enough to amply accommodate the root ball. Space plants 2 feet apart in rows 3 feet apart.
  • Carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently loosen the root ball with your hands to encourage good root development.
  • Place the top of the root ball even with the level of the surrounding soil. Fill with soil to the top of the root ball. Press soil down firmly with your hand.
  • Use the plant tag as a location marker.
  • Thoroughly water and apply a light mulch layer on top of the soil (1-2 inches) to conserve water and reduce weeds.

How to Grow

  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
  • Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area. While small, floating row covers will help to keep pests at bay.

Harvest and Preserving Tips

  • Harvest heads when they become firm.
  • Cut stems at soil level and remove outer leaves. Smaller heads will develop at the base once the central head is harvested.
  • Eat the heads raw or cooked.
  • Store fall-harvested cabbage for several months if you store them at 40 degrees F in high humidity.
Days To Maturity
60 days
Fruit Size
5 inches
Full Sun
12 inches
9-18 inches
Sow Method
Indoor Sow
Planting Time
Fall, Spring
Sow Time
6-8 weeks BLF
18 inches
Life Cycle
Cabbage, Earliana is rated 3.0 out of 5 by 8.
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Looked good I planted it in the fall and not one came up. Will try next year early.
Date published: 2017-10-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Tastiest ever! I've been planting this variety since 2015 when I discovered how well it did in NW AZ. It's slow to bolt (important here in AZ), forms beautiful tight heads--yes they are small--but there's nothing small about the flavor. It's the tastiest cabbage I've ever grown--delicious in slaws or fried.
Date published: 2017-08-06
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Mixed Results I've grown the Earliana cabbage with good results in the past, but have had poor germination with the last packet of seeds that I've used for the past two years. It's a great cabbage! Going to by a new packet of seeds next year and try again.
Date published: 2015-05-27
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Worst germination ever! I've grown cabbage with great success all my life, but I have never encountered such an unusually poor quality germinating seed before. If you can get it to grow, it may be great. Unfortunately, I can't even get these seeds to sprout, much less grow into actual heads.
Date published: 2015-01-30
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Poor germination Zone 7B garden. Direct sown in early March. Planted a whole row and only two seeds have germinated. I will probably not use this seed again.
Date published: 2014-04-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Tasty small cabbages I started the seeds in early March and planted them out in early April. Several were harvested in May, and three survived well into June, despite enduring drenching rains during that time. I did have to pick two of these last three after they split, but given the four inches of rain in a day that caused that to happen, I can't complain. Note: my attempts to start any cabbage-family plants in Burpee's Coir fiber pellets have failed miserably two springs in a row--they sprout but fail to thrive. I ended up replanting seeds both years in peat pellets. Once the seeds sprout, the plants need a lot of light to grow properly, and you will want to plant them in your garden when they have at least three or four true leaves. Cover them with floating row cover from the very start (but support it with hoops or something else so it doesn't touch them) to protect them from cabbage moths. The cabbages will grow to maturity under the row cover.
Date published: 2014-01-13
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Great result if you can get them to grow I had horrible luck starting these inside ~ they were very fussy and I went through 3 flats of them (in Burpee's self watering mat/tray) before just sprinkling a bunch of seeds outside, which actually took off! I've only had 2 heads grow to maturity, but those were pure cabbage perfection. Large tight heads ~ crunchy and sweet ~ perfect for cole slaw. I've wondered if my success was because they were put out too late since I couldn't plant them as early as I wanted to since my seedlings failed, so I'm trying them again for the fall...
Date published: 2013-08-28
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Disappointing I had good germination of this seed. However, only 1 plant made it to maturity. I am crediting this to my first attempt at growing cabbage. This one plant did not form a head at all and after 75 days it had to go to make room for the tomatoes. I am hoping that this fall will produce a better crop, but so far I have been underwhelmed with this product.
Date published: 2010-06-08
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