Sweet Potato, Centennial
America's most popular sweet potato, good for short-season areas.
Days To Maturity
After Last Frost
Plant Shipping Information
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How to Plant
- Plant sweet potatoes as soon as you receive the bare roots, or “slips”, in spring, after all danger of frost has passed.
- Do not be concerned if the plants look limp and the green tops do not look robust. If the roots are white and firm the plants are healthy and ready for planting. You can put them in a glass of water to help the roots absorb water and the greens should perk up.
- Choose a sunny location with a loose, easily worked, well-drained soil. Sweet potatoes prefer a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.5. The ideal time to plant is late in the afternoon after the hottest part of the day, on a day that is not windy.
- Plant sweet potatoes in ridges 8-12 inches high and 3 feet apart. Set the plants 10-18 inches apart.
- When setting the plants in the ground do not cover the stem. Cover the roots and firm the soil. Water lightly.
- If there is danger of frost cover the rows with row covers.
- In areas with shorter seasons use black plastic mulches to warm the soil earlier in the season. If you use this method you may need to water more during periods of high heat during the growing season.
How to Grow
- Cultivate around the plants to prevent weeds, and to prevent side roots from developing. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients. Cultivate carefully so as not to bruise or cut the young tubers forming just below the soil. Once plants get started their growth will tend to smother our many weeds and grasses.
- Provide sweet potato plants with about ¾ inches of water weekly when they are young, and water them more as the plants mature. Do not water during the 2 weeks before harvest.
- Many gardeners prefer not to fertilize because they feel not fertilizing improves the flavor, while others feel that fertilizing increases yields. If you choose to fertilize, side dress with a balanced fertilizer about six weeks after planting. Do not use excessive nitrogen.
- Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
Harvesting and Preserving Tips
- Harvest small roots, or “baby bakers” anytime as desired, or harvest full-sized roots in the fall. Simply examine an average hill and dig the potatoes when they approach the desired size. Dig any remaining roots before frost.
- When digging sweet potatoes be careful not to bruise them. Use a shovel or large pronged fork. With a loose row, pull the soil away with your hands.
- After digging up your sweet potatoes, cure them in a warm, well ventilated location out of the sun for 8-10 days. This will help heal cuts and bruises and toughen the skin for winter storage.
- Store sweet potatoes at 55°F at high humidity. Sweet potatoes can store for several months after being properly cured.
- Eat sweet potatoes baked, mashed, candied, caramelized, deep-fried, stuffed or boiled.
Days To Maturity90-100 daysSunFull SunSpread3-4 feetHeight6-10 inchesSow MethodDirect SowPlanting TimeSpringSow TimeAfter Last FrostThin12 inchesLife CycleAnnual
Sweet Potato, Centennial is rated out of 5 by 4.Rated 5 out of 5 by thegardener from Terrific Sweet Potato These arrived quickly and all plants grew beautifully and produced lovely potatoes.Date published: 2015-11-16Rated 1 out of 5 by lsaban from Bad seed Took forever to get here and out of 10 plants I rec'd, only 2 survived and those didnt do well. When I rec'd them they looked very bad and dry. Wont buy again.Date published: 2014-07-12Rated 5 out of 5 by hessianguy1 from Best standard sweet potato This is a great sweet potato, extremely tasty and very easy to grow. This is the variety most often sold in most grocery stores. Plant this variety in sandy soil mounded into furrows and mulch with old newspapers with straw on top. They will remain weed free if these steps are followed and thus require zero work for most of the summer as they freely vine all over the place. Harvest in late Sepptember. The only tastier variety in my opinion is Burpee's "Evangeline", sadly discontinued this year.Date published: 2013-05-29Rated 5 out of 5 by MGardner from excellent variety In Northern Indiana with a sandy loam soil this variety of sweet potato was excellent. This was my first try with sweet potatoes and the folliage of the vines was pleasant to look at and thick enough to keep most weeds at bay. I had to rush the harvest a few days as the moles found out how delicious this variety is.Date published: 2008-04-12