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Garlic, Transylvania

Short Description

Originally from a small village in the Transylvanian mountains.

Full Description

This great garlic originated in a small village in the heart of the Transylvanian Mountains and was discovered in a Romanian Farmers Market in the mid-1990s. Stores well due to the tight, coarse tunics around its cloves. Harvest fall planted garlic the following season, late spring or early summer, about 240 days from planting. Harvest spring planted garlic the same season, about 90 days from planting. Averages 10 cloves per bulb. Softneck variety.
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Product properties

Type Some flowers and vegetables fall into subcategories that may define how they grow (such as pole or bush), what they are used for (such as slicing tomatoes or shelling peas), flower type, or other designations that will help you select the type of a class of plant that you are looking for.


Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.

90-240 days

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Sun

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

4 inches

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

18-24 inches

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Direct Sow

Plant Shipping Information

Plants begin shipping week of:

Mar 16, 2020

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Item 69010T cannot ship to: AE, AK, AP, AS, CN, FM, GU, HI, ID, MH, MP, PR, PW, VI, WA
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Garlic Softneck vs Hardneck
Garlic Softneck vs Hardneck
Learn the difference between hardneck and softneck garlic.
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How to Plant Garlic
How to Plant Garlic
Learn how to grow garlic from Burpee's expert horticulturist.
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  • Garlic

    Start Indoors Start Indoors Starting seeds indoors is called Indoor Sow or Indirect Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds indoors in the spring or summer
    Transplant Transplant When to transplant bulbs or roots in the garden for spring
    Start Outdoors Start Outdoors Starting seeds outdoors is called Outdoor Sow or Direct Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the spring or summer
    Start Indoors Fall Start Indoors Fall Starting seeds indoors in the fall called Indoor Sow or Indirect Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the fall
    Transplant Fall Transplant Fall Transplant Fall-When to transplant bulbs or roots in the garden for fall
    Start Outdoors Fall Start Outdoors Fall Starting seeds outdoors in the fall is called Outdoor Sow or Direct Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the fall
    First Date: Mar-25 - Last Date: May-16
    First Date: Sep-01 - Last Date: Oct-01

How to Sow

  • In the South, plant cloves in the fall for a spring harvest. In the North, plant softneck varieties in early spring for a summer harvest and hardneck varieties in fall for a spring harvest.
  • Plant cloves in well-drained soil rich in organic matter and full sun when you receive your bulbs. Do not hold your bulbs until the next planting season.
  • Each bulb is made up of several sections called “cloves” held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting break the cloves apart and plant each separately.
  • Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil where you did not plant garlic the previous year.
  • Work organic matter into your soil at least 6-8 inches deep, removing stones, then level and smooth.
  • Plant in rows 1-2 feet apart, 3-4 inches deep and 4 inches apart. Firm lightly and water gently.
  • Plant cloves with the pointed side up.
  • Spring planted garlic emerges in 14-21 days. Fall planted garlic may not emerge until spring.
  • If the garlic emerges in the fall and a heavy frost is expected, mulch tender greens for protection.

How to Grow

How to Grow

  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
  • Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.

Harvest and Preserving Tips

  • Harvest when the foliage begins to yellow. At this time bend back the tops to hasten yellowing and drying of the tops. Feel around the top of the bulb to make sure the cloves have formed.
  • Pull up the plants and allow them to dry in the sun for a few hours. Spread them out in a well-ventilated location until the tops are thoroughly dry, about 3-4 weeks.
  • Cut off the tops 1-2 inches above the bulbs, or braid the tops together for softneck varieties. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets, or hang braided garlic strings.
  • Garlic may be frozen, make into vinegar, or made into garlic salt.
Days To Maturity
90-240 days
Full Sun
4 inches
18-24 inches
Sow Method
Direct Sow
Planting Time
Fall, Spring
4 inches
Garlic, Transylvania is rated 4.2 out of 5 by 10.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great garlic! Been gardening my whole life but never attempted garlic until this year. Planted here in Maryland late fall / early winter in a raised bed, covered with thick loose bed of straw, uncovered in the spring after fear of frost. Grew very well, harvested well, dried well, and cooks amazing. Used this week with olive oil to seared scallops and after steaming fresh green beans. Amazing flavor. Will definitely grow again this year.
Date published: 2019-08-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Awesome garlic Been buying the transylvania garlic for about 5 years from burpee for over 5 years. Only let down was 2018 but it was bad snow year (not burpee's fault. This year I planted over 60 per bags of seeds.. Great tasting garlic. No vampires. They gone. Lol
Date published: 2019-03-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Outstanding taste and very easy to grow I planted this garlic here and there in my garden, in areas that had anything from full sun to no more than a few hours of sun per day. All grew well, though the more sun they got the bigger and more flavorful the cloves (no surprise). It is an excellent producer with a sweet, pungent, distinctive garlic flavor that puts the supermarket stuff to shame. I grow one new garlic variety each year (for the kitchen and also to repel harlequin bugs) and I couldn't be more pleased with this one. I planted these in November and harvested in June. At this writing (mid September) the stored garlic is holding up just fine. Highly recommend for anyone who loves good garlic.
Date published: 2018-09-22
Rated 1 out of 5 by from NO SPROUT I planted 1 and a half bulbs and gave half a bulb to 2 people that are gardeners for spring planting. Not a single one sprouted. So disappointed! and so were the people I gave it too. Burpee refunded me. Thank you. I will try one more time to plant in the fall. I need Transylvania Garlic because I think my neighbors are vampires… LOL I'd just like to try this variety. I'll leave a review next spring if they do better or the same.
Date published: 2018-07-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great Product Product arrived in perfect shape. Bulbs are large and healthy. Won't know how well it does till harvest next summer but item was exactly as advertised.
Date published: 2017-10-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from My Favorite Garlic to Grow - Easy and Delicious I've grown several varieties of garlic over the years and this one is by far my favorite. I got outstanding yields from this variety - it grows easily with little to no effort beyond popping the cloves into the ground and leaving them alone. I got about three times as much in yields from this one as I did from any of the others I planted. The taste is great - very delicious. It keeps well. My only complaint was that I didn't plant enough - I'm going to plant twice as much of it this year!
Date published: 2017-09-21
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Poor results None of the cloves planted grew to maturity. Plants died shortly after sprouting
Date published: 2017-08-14
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Easy to grow, great taste, keeps vampires away We've grown this garlic for a couple of years now. Seems to do well in the western Virginia mountains and is easy to grow. One year I forgot about the box of garlic in my home office until January when I noticed an unusual smell coming from the file cabinet. Even though some of the cloves were a little funky, I still planted in mid-January in the snow. Came up in spring and did just fine for a late spring harvest. So even with my incompetence, the garlic seemed to thrive. Besides the easy growing, it also tastes great and the bulbs we've kept hanging in the back of the barn have been edible throughout the winter, well into spring. Also we have not had any vampire problems since growing this garlic...
Date published: 2015-10-06
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