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Garlic, Ajo Rojo

Short Description

Beautiful red-burgundy hardneck variety.

Full Description

Ajo Rojo is a beautiful and distinctive garlic with red/burgundy clove wrappers and good storage. It sizes up nicely in warmer growing areas with many bulbs reaching 2" diameter. Silky bulb wrappers. Vigorous root system and late harvest for incredibly rich flavor. Harvest fall planted garlic the following season, late spring or early summer, about 240 days from planting. Harvest spring planted garlic the same season, about 90 days from planting. Averages 11 cloves per bulb. Hardneck variety.
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Garlic, Ajo Rojo
Garlic, Ajo Rojo, , large
Item #: 69387T
1/2 LB (Avg. 3 bulbs)
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Product properties

Type Some flowers and vegetables fall into subcategories that may define how they grow (such as pole or bush), what they are used for (such as slicing tomatoes or shelling peas), flower type, or other designations that will help you select the type of a class of plant that you are looking for.


Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.

90-240 days

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Sun

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

4 inches

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

18-24 inches

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Direct Sow

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Garlic Softneck vs Hardneck
Garlic Softneck vs Hardneck
Learn the difference between hardneck and softneck garlic.
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How to Plant Garlic
How to Plant Garlic
Learn how to grow garlic from Burpee's expert horticulturist.
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  • Garlic

    Start Indoors Start Indoors Starting seeds indoors is called Indoor Sow or Indirect Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds indoors in the spring or summer
    Transplant Transplant When to transplant bulbs or roots in the garden for spring
    Start Outdoors Start Outdoors Starting seeds outdoors is called Outdoor Sow or Direct Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the spring or summer
    Start Indoors Fall Start Indoors Fall Starting seeds indoors in the fall called Indoor Sow or Indirect Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the fall
    Transplant Fall Transplant Fall Transplant Fall-When to transplant bulbs or roots in the garden for fall
    Start Outdoors Fall Start Outdoors Fall Starting seeds outdoors in the fall is called Outdoor Sow or Direct Sow and these dates are when to sow seeds outdoors in the fall
    First Date: Mar-25 - Last Date: May-16
    First Date: Sep-01 - Last Date: Oct-01

How to Sow

  • In the South, plant cloves in the fall for a spring harvest. In the North, plant softneck varieties in early spring for a summer harvest and hardneck varieties in fall for a spring harvest.
  • Plant cloves in well-drained soil rich in organic matter and full sun when you receive your bulbs. Do not hold your bulbs until the next planting season.
  • Each bulb is made up of several sections called “cloves” held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting break the cloves apart and plant each separately.
  • Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil where you did not plant garlic the previous year.
  • Work organic matter into your soil at least 6-8 inches deep, removing stones, then level and smooth.
  • Plant in rows 1-2 feet apart, 3-4 inches deep and 4 inches apart. Firm lightly and water gently.
  • Plant cloves with the pointed side up.
  • Spring planted garlic emerges in 14-21 days. Fall planted garlic may not emerge until spring.
  • If the garlic emerges in the fall and a heavy frost is expected, mulch tender greens for protection.

How to Grow

How to Grow

  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
  • Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.

Harvest and Preserving Tips

  • Harvest when the foliage begins to yellow. At this time bend back the tops to hasten yellowing and drying of the tops. Feel around the top of the bulb to make sure the cloves have formed.
  • Pull up the plants and allow them to dry in the sun for a few hours. Spread them out in a well-ventilated location until the tops are thoroughly dry, about 3-4 weeks.
  • Cut off the tops 1-2 inches above the bulbs, or braid the tops together for softneck varieties. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets, or hang braided garlic strings.
  • Garlic may be frozen, make into vinegar, or made into garlic salt.
Days To Maturity
90-240 days
Full Sun
4 inches
18-24 inches
Sow Method
Direct Sow
Planting Time
Fall, Spring
4 inches
Garlic, Ajo Rojo is rated 2.7 out of 5 by 7.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from The most superb garlic flavour In the past two years I have grown Glen Large and Australian White garlic with great success: large bulbs and healthy cloves, but they have lacked the flavour I have craved. So this year I'm applying the skills I have learned in growing garlic successfull to Ajo Rojo, which is supposed to be one of the most pungent. Key rules are: plant in autumn after bulbs have been 8 weeks in the fridge; plant in well drained highly mulched soil (open patch or large pot) with slow release fertiliser or blood and bone; keep moist but not soggy; mulch to 6cm on top of soil after shoots have shot to 7 cm; wait till winter is over while the plants develop their roots; fertilise every week in spring with a low concentration of nitrogen/phosphorous liquid fertiliser; watch you neighbours ask about the huge leeks growing in your garden; harvest in late November (Australia) when the bulbs have swollen and 30% of the leaves have died off. Not that hard, is it? My 26 Ajo Rojos have now all sprouted and will be put through the rest of these steps as winter and spring progresses.
Date published: 2018-06-01
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Poor Growth, Small Yield I planted several varieties of garlic in the Fall of 2016, including this one. This one did very poorly compared to the others. I did get a few small cloves that were under-developed. The other varieties far outproduced this one in the same garden bed. I would not grow this one again. It could just be that it doesn't do well in my climate, but this was my least favorite variety I've tried.
Date published: 2017-09-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from ajo rojo results shared with neighbour,growing beautifully until lawn and garden people pulled it up thinking it was a weed. my garlic did poorly, due to my inability to grow a garlic. the little cloves ( about a cm in size) are wonderful in our food. definitely will purchase another ajo rojo soon.
Date published: 2017-08-19
Rated 1 out of 5 by from It died. This is for garlic planted in late Fall 2016. That was a difficult year, with cool weather, then hot weather late into November. Spring also had very warm weather early which lead to the garlic getting at least a foot high, then a hard freeze. Everything died. However, garlic planted from plants harvested in 2016 all lived. I realize that the weather was a contributor to the lack of success with the Ajo Rojo, but it seems to me that all of it shouldn't die while every plant of the other lived. I won't take a chance like that again.
Date published: 2017-08-15
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Mixed feelings Pros, extremely good taste, grew fine in a cold climate Cons, didn't store for more than 6 months without sprouting, cloves are many, but each are small. In the future, I think I will grow Music instead. Spanish Roja did better in the same soil, side by side in the same year compared to Ajo Rojo. Only redeeming value for these is that the cloves are beautiful, until you actually have to peel and use them.
Date published: 2017-07-13
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Poor growth I was pleased to see that the seed garlic looked very nice. Sadly, though most of it initially sprouted, the sprouts were very weak/puny and most died. It was a very mild winter and the seed garlic (also hard neck varieties from Burpee) I saved from my garden and planted in the same bed is thriving. Hopefully this was just weak seed and not a disease issue that came with the garlic. I'm giving it 2 stars because I am still very hopeful that the ones that survived will do well, and if I can save some to plant next year those will be better adapted to my conditions. This is disappointing because other garlic from Burpee in the past has been fantastic.
Date published: 2017-03-09
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Overpriced cloves for seed I bought this to grow last fall and was surprised when the bag I paid around $15 showed up with only a few cloves in it. Many of the heads I grew ended up splitting and the ones that did not were very small. This may be good variety for some areas but not the SE. Worst variety in the trials I did, but again may be great in other areas. The prices were way too high for me to ever purchase again.
Date published: 2016-07-22
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