Fig, LSU Purple
Fig tree that is vigorous with above average resistance to leaf diseases.
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Fig: Potted Fruit Plant
How to Plant
Planting Potted Plants:
- Choose a location in full sun in an area with well-drained soil with a pH of 5.0 to 6.5. Figs prefer a medium soil with several inches of organic matter or compost mixed in, although they can be grown in almost any type of soil as long as it is well-drained.
- Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 6-12 inches removing any debris, and lightly raking as level as possible.
- The addition of organic matter (leaf mold, compost, well-rotted manure) benefits all gardens and is essential in recently constructed neighborhoods.
- Space plants 10 feet apart in the garden. Figs may also be grown in large pots at least 24 inches wide and deep.
- Dig a hole at least 2 times the size of the root ball.
- Set the plant in the hole so that the root ball is level with the surrounding soil, backfill and press the soil firmly into the hole cavity.
- Water deeply. The water will seal off any air pockets around the root ball.
- Use a stick or marker to indicate where the plant is planted.
- Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients. Control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating.
- Mulch around the plants to a depth of 2-3 inches or organic matter to preserve moisture and prevent weeds. For fruit plants an organic mulch of aged bark or shredded leaves lends a natural look to the bed and will improve the soil as it breaks down in time. Always keep mulches off a plant’s stems to prevent possible rot.
- Keep plants well-watered during the growing season, especially during dry spells. Plants need about 1-2 inches of rain per week during the growing season. It's best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
- Do not fertilize unless leaves are showing a nutrient deficiency.
- Monitor for Pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
- Prune in winter or early spring before the new growth begins. Prune only for an open habit, and to remove dead or broken branches.
- Figs benefit from winter protection in colder areas. Be sure the variety you have is recommended for your hardiness zone. If you are planting in containers and want to leave them outside in winter, be sure to select a variety recommended for one zone colder than your zone as plants are less protected in a container. You can also bring the container inside or to a protected location such as a garage. Do not allow to dry out over the winter. You can also mulch heavily with organic material such as leaves, or wrap with several layers of waterproof paper or burlap. Unwrap in spring. If low temperatures have killed some stem tissues, plants may be cut to the ground and new growth may emerge from suckers.
Harvest and Preserving Tips
- Plants should produce fruit in 2-3 years after planting.
- Protect fruit with bid netting.
- Figs produce two crops a year, one early summer on last year’s growth and another in late summer on the currents season’s growth.
- Harvest ripe fruit for fresh eating. Their necks will shrivel and the fruit will hand straight down.
- For dry figs, allow all the fruit to fall from the tree and finish drying them by spreading the fruit on trays in the sun.