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Shallots Gardening Guide

Sets received before planting time in your area can be stored in a dry, cool, airy, frost-free place until ready to plant.

Plant sets as early in spring as soil can be worked. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Make a shallow furrow, 1-11/2" deep and lightly press in sets about 4" apart in rows 18" apart and cover with 1" of fine soil. Cultivate or mulch to control weeds and supply plenty of water during the growing season.

Harvesting and storage:

When about three-quarters of the tops have fallen over, bend over those still standing to hasten drying. After all tops are yellow, pull up plants with clusters of bulbs attached and allow them to dry in the sun for a few days. Then spread out in a well-ventilated place until tops are thoroughly dry (2-3 weeks). Braid tops together, or cut the tops off 1-2" above the bulbs. Store in a dry, cool, airy place. Shallots may also be pulled at the scallion stage (when pencil-thick to finger-thick).

Read the next Article: Seed Starting Part 2

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • Fall salad crops can be difficult to start because garden soil is often very warm when seeds need to be planted. To trick the internal mechanism that allows seeds to germinate in warm ground, freeze them for a week or two.
    Or start seeds indoors in flats where it’s cool, and transplant seedlings into the garden immediately after germination. Be sure to include winter or cold-hardy lettuce varieties when planting. They will take temperatures down into the 20s with little or no protection. ‘Little Caesar’, Buttercrunch’ lettuces, ‘Frizz E’endive and ‘Baby’s Leaf Hybrid’ spinach are good choices. When the thermometer dips below freezing, lay an old bed sheet or floating row cover directly over the lettuce, endive and spinach for protection.