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All About Potatoes


Potatoes are thickened underground stems called tubers. For good tuber development, potatoes require deep, loose, well-drained soil that is free from stones. They need full sun. Plant tuber directly in the garden after danger of heavy frost. Plant them with the eyes up, 2 to 3 inches deep and 10 to 12 inches apart in rows spaced 2 feet apart. The tops of developing tubers should not be exposed to sunlight, or they will turn green. When the plants are about 5 to 6 inches tall, begin to heap soil around the base of the stems, or surround the plants with a thick layer of mulch. Potatoes need regular watering throughout the season.


The potato is one of the most important staple foods in our diet. It is rich in vitamins B and C, potassium, protein, complex carbohydrates, and fiber. Potatoes can be prepared so many ways that you can eat them for a year and not grow tired of them.


For "new" potatoes harvest about 10 weeks after planting. When potato blossoms appear, it is a sign that the first new potatoes are ready for harvest, simply feel around in the soil with your fingers for the small tubers. Try not to damage the roots of the plants or you may reduce the main harvest.
Harvest mature potatoes after the tops die back and before the first frost. Dig carefully to avoid damaging the tubers. After harvesting store them in a dark, dry place for a week at 65-70 degrees F. Then store them at 35-40 degrees at fairly high humidity.


The uses of potatoes are unlimited only by your imagination. They can be boiled, baked, roasted, deep-fried, grilled, sautéed, stir-fried, braised, glazed, mashed, creamed, or scalloped. They can be made into soups, stews, and casseroles, as well as potato chips, potato pancakes, and hash browns.

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  • To preserve extra grass seed for use next spring keep it dry. Tape opened boxes closed, slip them into plastic bags then seal tightly. Press the air from already opened plastic bags of seed, fold and seal the tops tightly. Store all seed in a cool, dry area such as a garage or basement. If mice are a problem, put sealed containers in metal cans with tight fitting lids.