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Onions Gardening Guide

Sets received before planting time in your area can be stored in a dry, cool, airy, frost-free place until ready to plant.

Plant sets as early in spring as soil can be worked. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Make shallow furrows, 1–11/2" deep and lightly press in onion sets about 3" apart in rows 1–2' apart, then cover with 1" of fine soil. For green onions (scallions): Use closer spacing and pull when plants are about finger-thickness.
Cultivate or mulch to control weeds and supply plenty of water during the growing season.

Harvesting and storage:

When about three-quarters of the tops have fallen over, bend over those still standing to hasten drying. After all tops are yellow, pull up plants and allow to dry in the sun for a few days. Spread out in a well-ventilated place until tops are thoroughly dry (2–3 weeks). Braid tops together, or cut the tops off 1-2" above the bulbs and store in a dry, cool, airy place.

Read the next Article: Paw Paw Gardening Guide

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • It's not much fun - that's why you avoided doing it last fall - but it pays to remove garden debris that can harbor insects and diseases to attack this years garden. Run leaves, sticks and plant stems through a shredder and add to the compost pile. If the pile heats up well (as much as 170 degrees), most of the insects, weeds and diseases should be eliminated.

    If you don't compost, use debris as mulch on unrelated plants. For example, don't put tomato debris back around tomatoes, peppers, eggplant or potatoes. It should be fine around bushes.

    You don't even need a grinder. Simply rake plant debris into rows and run a mulching lawn mower over it several times. This is also a great way to recycle leaves into the landscape as mulch.