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Onions Gardening Guide

Sets received before planting time in your area can be stored in a dry, cool, airy, frost-free place until ready to plant.

Plant sets as early in spring as soil can be worked. Choose a sunny location with well-drained soil. Make shallow furrows, 1–11/2" deep and lightly press in onion sets about 3" apart in rows 1–2' apart, then cover with 1" of fine soil. For green onions (scallions): Use closer spacing and pull when plants are about finger-thickness.
Cultivate or mulch to control weeds and supply plenty of water during the growing season.

Harvesting and storage:

When about three-quarters of the tops have fallen over, bend over those still standing to hasten drying. After all tops are yellow, pull up plants and allow to dry in the sun for a few days. Spread out in a well-ventilated place until tops are thoroughly dry (2–3 weeks). Braid tops together, or cut the tops off 1-2" above the bulbs and store in a dry, cool, airy place.

Read the next Article: Paw Paw Gardening Guide

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • If the best looking melons in the garden had little or no flavor last summer, the problem may be the variety planted. Some melon types do better in a region than others and only trial and error or an experienced local gardener or county extension agent can guide you.

    Occasionally the problem is the soil. It may lack sufficient nutrients or the pH can be too low. Dig in compost or rotted manure before planting. Melons do best in neutral to slightly alkaline soil. Have your soil tested and if the pH is below 6.5, amend with lime. Sometimes a lot of rain near the time of harvest will dilute the sugar in melons affecting taste. Watermelons will regain their sugars if you hold off harvesting for a few days. Cantaloupes will not.