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Garlic, Spanish Roja

Short Description

The garlic of choice in fine restaurants because of its easy-to-peel cloves and outstanding rich garlic flavor.

Full Description

Probably the most popular hardneck type, because most garlic lovers find the flavor to be "true garlic". A Northwest heirloom that was reported to have been brought into Northwest Oregon before 1900, it is often called Greek garlic by home gardeners throughout the region. Has delightful coloring, easy-to-peel cloves and outstanding hot flavor, making it a favorite for chefs and foodies. A must in every garden. Harvest fall planted garlic the following season, late spring or early summer, about 240 days from planting. Harvest spring planted garlic the same season, about 90 days from planting. Averages 11 cloves per bulb. Hardneck variety.
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Item#: 69382T
Order: 1/2 LB (Avg. 6 Bulbs)
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Garlic, Spanish Roja
Garlic, Spanish Roja, , large

Short Description

The garlic of choice in fine restaurants because of its easy-to-peel cloves and outstanding rich garlic flavor.

Item #: 69382T
1/2 LB (Avg. 6 Bulbs)

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Product properties

Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.

90-240 days

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

4 inches

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

18-24 inches

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Direct Sow

Life Cycle This refers to whether a plant is an annual, biennial or perennial. Annuals complete their life cycles in one year; biennials produce foliage the first year and bloom and go to seed the second year; perennials can live for more than two years.


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Garlic, Spanish Roja, , large
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Garlic Softneck vs Hardneck
Learn the difference between hardneck and softneck garlic.
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How to Plant Garlic
Learn how to grow garlic from Burpee's expert horticulturist.
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How to Sow

  • In the South, plant cloves in the fall for a spring harvest. In the North, plant softneck varieties in early spring for a summer harvest and hardneck varieties in fall for a spring harvest.
  • Plant cloves in well-drained soil rich in organic matter and full sun when you receive your bulbs. Do not hold your bulbs until the next planting season.
  • Each bulb is made up of several sections called “cloves” held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting break the cloves apart and plant each separately.
  • Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil where you did not plant garlic the previous year.
  • Work organic matter into your soil at least 6-8 inches deep, removing stones, then level and smooth.
  • Plant in rows 1-2 feet apart, 1 inch deep and 4 inches apart. Firm lightly and water gently.
  • Plant cloves with the pointed side up.
  • Spring planted garlic emerges in 14-21 days. Fall planted garlic may not emerge until spring.
  • If the garlic emerges in the fall and a heavy frost is expected, mulch tender greens for protection.

How to Grow

How to Grow

  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
  • Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.

Harvest and Preserving Tips

  • Harvest when the foliage begins to yellow. At this time bend back the tops to hasten yellowing and drying of the tops. Feel around the top of the bulb to make sure the cloves have formed.
  • Pull up the plants and allow them to dry in the sun for a few hours. Spread them out in a well-ventilated location until the tops are thoroughly dry, about 3-4 weeks.
  • Cut off the tops 1-2 inches above the bulbs, or braid the tops together for softneck varieties. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets, or hang braided garlic strings.
  • Garlic may be frozen, make into vinegar, or made into garlic salt.
Days To Maturity
90-240 days
4 inches
18-24 inches
Sow Method
Direct Sow
Life Cycle
Garlic, Spanish Roja is rated 4.3333 out of 5 by 6.
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Not Please The garlic I received was soft and had moldy patches on it. Very unhappy with the product.
Date published: 2015-06-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Success for a 1st time garlic grower! I decided I wanted to try my hand at growing garlic for the first time and ordered 1/4 lb of this. The bulbs arrived in time for fall planting and I planted them in late September. By May, every one of the cloves I planted grew into 34 beautiful large garlic bulbs! I've harvested them and they are curing right now. Can't wait to try them! I highly recommend this garlic for first time garlic growers. It's low maintenance and easy to grow.
Date published: 2015-04-22
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Easy to grow I bought a 1/4 pound of Spanish Roja Garlic in September 2013 to plant in my earthbox garden. This 1/4 lb filled 2 1/2 Earthboxes. The garlic grew very well throughout the winter (normally mild in North Texas). In early June 2014, I harvested about 40 heads of garlic. I moved to another state later in June and bought the garlic with me. I will replant some of it and dehydrate/grind the rest to be used as garlic powder. Given the expense of buying garlic powder at the grocery, it is well worth your garden space to grow your own.
Date published: 2014-09-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Ole! As easy as to grow Early Italian (see my 2013 review there; grew that again this year, another superb result). What I thought might be a complicating factor this year - bunnies appeared out of nowhere last autumn and chewed all the green shoots down to the ground! - proved a non-factor, as everything came roaring back in the spring. And even though it was a brutal winter, only about 5-8 cloves of the total ~90 planted (EI + SR varieties) failed to produce a blub, a success ratio I'd take any day. Aside from the great taste, another benefit of home-grown garlic is it's potency: you can get away with using 50-75% versus store-bought in any recipe, and so save some money. Time to re-order!
Date published: 2014-08-02
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Beautiful Huge Cloves! I planted this variety in late November and harvested huge, beautiful heads of garlic in May! I planted 80 cloves in a 4x4 raised bed and all of them came up and gave me 3-4" heads (most 4"). As it grew I used some of the tender leaves in recipes and as a plus, I harvested the garlic scapes, dehydrated them and ground them into powder for an additional yield from this crop. This was the most beautiful garlic I have ever seen and it tasted just as amazing. Family and friends raved over how delicious it was. Very easy to grow. I planted them in well-composted, well-draining soil and that was it. I did not add anything else except for water. I will definitely be planting this again and again.
Date published: 2012-07-16
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Low Maintenance Gourmet-Cooking Garlic!! This garlic has exceptional flavor is easy to peel and handle and is a breeze to grow in your garden. I make my garlic, onion and chive beds anywhere from 10" to 12" deep and fill them with rich well drained soil that can hold moisture for a bit, but not so much that the bulbs will rot in the ground. Infuse with plenty of bone meal and blood meal, a bit of lime, peat moss and composted manure. A slow release 10-10-10 fertilzer is all it needs to grow steadily and yield some nice heads of flavorful garlic which keeps nicely or really delicious when roasted! ~Enjoy!~
Date published: 2010-10-15
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