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Garlic Gardening Guide

Each set (bulb) is made up of several sections called cloves, held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting, break cloves apart.
Note: Elephant Garlic is shipped to you as individual cloves.


Fall planting:

Plant cloves in mid-autumn in a sunny location with rich, well-drained soil. Set cloves root side down 4–6" apart in rows 11/2–2' apart, and cover with 1–2" of fine soil. In the North, put down 6" of mulch for winter protection. Garlic may begin growth late in fall or early in spring.

Spring planting:

Plant cloves as early in spring as soil can be worked, about the same time as onion sets. Spring planted garlic should be put in the ground in the same manner as in the fall.

Harvesting and storage:

In late summer, bend over tops to hasten yellowing and drying of tops. Pull up the plants and allow to dry in the sun a few hours. Spread out in a well-ventilated place until tops are thoroughly dry (2–3 weeks). Cut tops off 1–2" above bulbs, or braid tops together into strings. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets; hang garlic strings.

Click here to watch our video "How to Plant Garlic"

Read the next Article: Potatoes Gardening Guide

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • Terra cotta pots and planters aren’t cheap, but if kept in good condition, they will last for many years. To preserve terra cotta, at the end of the season empty the pot and clean with soap and water. Allow it to dry thoroughly, and store in a dry place. To prevent stacks of pots from cracking or breaking, wrap each pot in a thick layer of newspaper before stacking. If a pot breaks, save the broken shards and use to improve drainage at the bottom of other pots.