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Garlic Gardening Guide

Each set (bulb) is made up of several sections called cloves, held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting, break cloves apart.
Note: Elephant Garlic is shipped to you as individual cloves.


Fall planting:

Plant cloves in mid-autumn in a sunny location with rich, well-drained soil. Set cloves root side down 4–6" apart in rows 11/2–2' apart, and cover with 1–2" of fine soil. In the North, put down 6" of mulch for winter protection. Garlic may begin growth late in fall or early in spring.

Spring planting:

Plant cloves as early in spring as soil can be worked, about the same time as onion sets. Spring planted garlic should be put in the ground in the same manner as in the fall.

Harvesting and storage:

In late summer, bend over tops to hasten yellowing and drying of tops. Pull up the plants and allow to dry in the sun a few hours. Spread out in a well-ventilated place until tops are thoroughly dry (2–3 weeks). Cut tops off 1–2" above bulbs, or braid tops together into strings. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets; hang garlic strings.

Click here to watch our video "How to Plant Garlic"

Read the next Article: Potatoes Gardening Guide

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • Before digging out all the half-used seed packets saved from last year, keep the following in mind.

    Seed is a perishable product and loses viability over time. The seed that spouted so well last year and filled your garden with colorful blooms and a bountiful harvest, may not perform so well this year.

    The germination rate will be lower, requiring time and money to add fresh seed to fill in gaps in rows. In addition, the vitality of the seedlings may not be as vigorous as those that germinate from fresh seed.

    Your time is valuable and your garden an investment. That is why we suggest using fresh seed each year.