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Garlic Gardening Guide

Each set (bulb) is made up of several sections called cloves, held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting, break cloves apart.
Note: Elephant Garlic is shipped to you as individual cloves.


Fall planting:

Plant cloves in mid-autumn in a sunny location with rich, well-drained soil. Set cloves root side down 4–6" apart in rows 11/2–2' apart, and cover with 1–2" of fine soil. In the North, put down 6" of mulch for winter protection. Garlic may begin growth late in fall or early in spring.

Spring planting:

Plant cloves as early in spring as soil can be worked, about the same time as onion sets. Spring planted garlic should be put in the ground in the same manner as in the fall.

Harvesting and storage:

In late summer, bend over tops to hasten yellowing and drying of tops. Pull up the plants and allow to dry in the sun a few hours. Spread out in a well-ventilated place until tops are thoroughly dry (2–3 weeks). Cut tops off 1–2" above bulbs, or braid tops together into strings. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets; hang garlic strings.

Click here to watch our video "How to Plant Garlic"

Read the next Article: Potatoes Gardening Guide

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • Time to inspect window boxes, half barrels, hanging baskets, and other outdoor planters. Make repairs before setting out summer annuals. Check the fastenings on window boxes to be sure they are securely in place. Check the bottoms of all wooden containers for signs of rot. Nail loose metal bands around half-barrel planters to keep them in place. Prior to planting, refill containers with fresh soilless mix and mix in a little slow-acting granular fertilizer.