Garlic, Early Italian
Produces larger cloves than most softnecks. Better adapted to summer heat.
Days To Maturity null
Sow Method null
Planting Time null
Life Cycle null
Plant Shipping Information
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How to Sow
- In the South, plant cloves in the fall for a spring harvest. In the North, plant softneck varieties in early spring for a summer harvest and hardneck varieties in fall for a spring harvest.
- Plant cloves in well-drained soil rich in organic matter and full sun when you receive your bulbs. Do not hold your bulbs until the next planting season.
- Each bulb is made up of several sections called “cloves” held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting break the cloves apart and plant each separately.
- Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil where you did not plant garlic the previous year.
- Work organic matter into your soil at least 6-8 inches deep, removing stones, then level and smooth.
- Plant in rows 1-2 feet apart, 1 inch deep and 4 inches apart. Firm lightly and water gently.
- Plant cloves with the pointed side up.
- Spring planted garlic emerges in 14-21 days. Fall planted garlic may not emerge until spring.
- If the garlic emerges in the fall and a heavy frost is expected, mulch tender greens for protection.
How to Grow
How to Grow
- Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
- Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
- Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
Harvest and Preserving Tips
- Harvest when the foliage begins to yellow. At this time bend back the tops to hasten yellowing and drying of the tops. Feel around the top of the bulb to make sure the cloves have formed.
- Pull up the plants and allow them to dry in the sun for a few hours. Spread them out in a well-ventilated location until the tops are thoroughly dry, about 3-4 weeks.
- Cut off the tops 1-2 inches above the bulbs, or braid the tops together for softneck varieties. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets, or hang braided garlic strings.
- Garlic may be frozen, make into vinegar, made into garlic salt.
Days To Maturity90-240 daysSunFull SunSpread4 inchesHeight18-24 inchesSow MethodDirect SowPlanting TimeFall, SpringThin4 inchesLife CycleAnnual
Garlic, Early Italian is rated out of 5 by 11.Rated 5 out of 5 by Carrdener from Giant Bulbs Planted these on 11-5-14 and harvested on 6-27-15. Covered through the winter with a straw blanket. They produced very large bulbs. Similar in size to the elephant garlic I planted at the same time. I would recommend this soft-neck variety even in the Midwest.Date published: 2015-06-28Rated 1 out of 5 by SandyC from Huge Disappointment!! I bought this garlic last year and planted it with much anticipation. I was careful to enrich the soil well and it was very well drained and in full sun. Today, I dug up the mature heads and far from 'larger cloves', I found heads of garlic roughly the size of one normal clove. They are pretty much unusable. Terribly disappointing. I could have bought 10 - 20 times the garlic I got from this planting for the money paid. The picture shows the heads from the Burpee next to a small head from the grocery store.Date published: 2015-06-24Rated 4 out of 5 by Shell from Early Italian Garlic I just opened the box of garlic that I ordered a few months ago. The Early Italian garlic heads were big and the cloves were all seemingly healthy and ready to be planted. I was concerned since in Sonoma County the weather here is still warm but we'll see how they do.Date published: 2014-10-24Rated 5 out of 5 by FarmerTK from Home-Grown Garlic Only I'll no longer buy garlic in the store after just one successful season planting my own. Got and planted these in late autumn 2012. Green shoots showed above-ground before winter so was a little nervous about survival. But, come spring 2013, these were still good to go - and go they did. I started pulling in late June and was done by mid July. Hung and let cure for about three weeks before using. Terrific bold taste - we use less than half as many cloves now as we did with store-bought and still get incredible flavor. Low maintenance: the only things I did along the way were strawing around the plants and adding some rock phosphate. I had to do a little homework to figure out when to harvest - You Tube videos are good, basically look for the leaves to be 3/4 yellow - but was a simple learning process. The only mistake I made was not planting enough. So I'm doubling space for next year's crop and adding the Spanish, have read good things about it.Date published: 2013-09-02Rated 5 out of 5 by newgardener46 from Easy to grow Garlic Last year was the first time I grew garlic. It was so easy and the garlic came out fantastic. We had some snow over the winter and I covered them up for only a few days, otherwise they were uncovered. They came out larger than expected and the flavor is very good. We use A LOT of garlic so learning to grow some was essential. This year I'm doubling how many I plant and am very excited for the next harvest!Date published: 2013-08-28Rated 5 out of 5 by chihuahuaman12 from fast growers! i recieved these garlics(5) in mid march and planted them 2 days later. they already came with sprouts and good sprouts! i planted them and a week later and the sprouts were tall and proud! at least 7 in! they turn purple and if any mold grows on the bulbs put some drops of vinegar on it. tips: put in large pot and water every two days or everyday if they look dry. make sure it gets a lot of sun too. you can use these in in anything but i suggest boil them with some red wine vinegar and it makes a very tasty sauce when crushed untill mushy. good luck!;)Date published: 2012-04-06Rated 5 out of 5 by charliec from Easy to grow I planted this variety for the first time in mid October, 2010, and the first leaves emerged within a week of planting. The plants all survived and grew steadily, if slowly, over the winter despite a record freeze and an unusual number of colder than normal days. Then the plants really took off when the weather began to warm in late February, and I had a good harvest by mid May. The garlics were grown in raised beds amended with lots of well-cured horse manure compost -- when one's wife has horses, one has lots of horse by-product! Spoiled hay mulch and soaker hose irrigation assured a constant level of moisture, which, along with the compost, made for happy garlic plants. As of Late October, 2011, I have used up nearly all the garlic bulbs that I harvested last May; however, I replanted a dozen of the largest cloves from the largest bulbs, which I had saved specifically for that purpose. Supposedly, if I keep replanting the largest cloves from the largest bulbs, this variety will become even better adapted to my garden over a 5 year period.Date published: 2011-10-27Rated 5 out of 5 by Doctormarje from Phenomenal garlic I grew this garlic last year -- purely an experiment. I tried once before with garlic I bought in the produce section of the grocery, so I had limited hopes. What I ended up with was a full harvest of beautiful, tender garlic with great flavor! I can't tell about the length of storage, because we're eating this up so quickly, it will never last beyond September. This year, I'm doubling the amount.Date published: 2010-08-19