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Garlic, Italian Loiacono

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Short Description

Heirloom from 1912 brought to the USA by the Loiacono family.

Full Description

A rich flavored Italian garlic brought to the United States from by the Loiacono family in 1912. Smaller number of cloves but bigger and squarer in size than the typical softneck. This variety is very adaptable and grows in a variety of climates. Harvest fall planted garlic the following season, late spring or early summer, about 240 days from planting. Harvest spring planted garlic the same season, about 90 days from planting. Italian Loiacono maintains a higher quality in post-harvest storage than most hardneck varieties, storing well for up to 9 months. Averages 11 cloves per bulb. Softneck variety.
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Item#: 69080T
Order: 1/2 LB (Avg. 4 Bulbs)
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Product properties

Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.

90-240 days

Fruit Size The average size of the fruit produced by this product.

3-4 inches

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Sun

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

4-6 inches

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

18-24 inches

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Direct Sow

Plant Shipping Information

Plants begin shipping on:

Sep 12, 2016

(Click here for fall shipping schedule)


Item 69080T cannot ship to: AA, AE, AK, AP, AS, CN, FM, GU, HI, ID, MH, MP, PR, PW, VI, WA
See all Burpee plant shipping restrictions for your state

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How to Sow

  • In the South, plant cloves in the fall for a spring harvest. In the North, plant softneck varieties in early spring for a summer harvest and hardneck varieties in fall for a spring harvest.
  • Plant cloves in well-drained soil rich in organic matter and full sun when you receive your bulbs. Do not hold your bulbs until the next planting season.
  • Each bulb is made up of several sections called “cloves” held together by a thin, papery covering. Before planting break the cloves apart and plant each separately.
  • Choose a location in full sun with well-drained soil where you did not plant garlic the previous year.
  • Work organic matter into your soil at least 6-8 inches deep, removing stones, then level and smooth.
  • Plant in rows 1-2 feet apart, 1 inch deep and 4 inches apart. Firm lightly and water gently.
  • Plant cloves with the pointed side up.
  • Spring planted garlic emerges in 14-21 days. Fall planted garlic may not emerge until spring.
  • If the garlic emerges in the fall and a heavy frost is expected, mulch tender greens for protection.

How to Grow

How to Grow

  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
  • Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.

Harvest and Preserving Tips

  • Harvest when the foliage begins to yellow. At this time bend back the tops to hasten yellowing and drying of the tops. Feel around the top of the bulb to make sure the cloves have formed.
  • Pull up the plants and allow them to dry in the sun for a few hours. Spread them out in a well-ventilated location until the tops are thoroughly dry, about 3-4 weeks.
  • Cut off the tops 1-2 inches above the bulbs, or braid the tops together for softneck varieties. Store loose bulbs in a dry, cool, airy place in baskets, or hang braided garlic strings.
  • Garlic may be frozen, make into vinegar, or made into garlic salt.
Days To Maturity
90-240 days
Fruit Size
3-4 inches
Full Sun
4-6 inches
18-24 inches
Sow Method
Direct Sow
Planting Time
Fall, Spring
Sow Time
2-4 weeks BLF
4 inches
Life Cycle
Garlic, Italian Loiacono is rated 3.3333333333333335 out of 5 by 3.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Planted in Fall, Large Summer Harvest I started harvesting these about 3 weeks ago and have a nice crop continually getting ready for harvest. Planted about 100 cloves and it looks like 100% survival. Planted late summer to early fall and half were under a cold frame and half out in the open, cold frame crop was earlier harvest. Very good flavor, will plant again.
Date published: 2016-07-07
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Not moldy I bought these and Transylvania last fall. Mine were not wet or moldy when received. I harvested mine a few weeks ago and they're now cured and braided for storage. I'm surprised at how small the bulbs and cloves are. Possibly my ground was more compacted than it should have been. The flavor is good.
Date published: 2015-07-21
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Rotted garlic seeds Don't know if it's Burpees way of handling or curing. All garlic bulbs received were moldy and wet internally. Waste of money. Will have to find another source.
Date published: 2015-05-27
  • 2016-10-24T07:23CST
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