Endive, Galia Frisse
Sweet, compact endive
Days To Maturity The average number of days from when the plant is actively growing in the garden to the expected time of harvest.
Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.
Spread The width of the plant at maturity.
Height The typical height of this product at maturity.
Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.
Direct Sow/Indoor Sow
Planting Time The recommended time of the year in which this product should be planted.
How to Sow
- For optimum flavor, grow in cool weather after danger of frost. Will not germinate at temperatures over 80 degrees F.
- Sow in average soil in full sun in early spring for the first crop and again in late summer for a fall crop.
- In rows 12 inches apart, sow seed directly in the ground ¼ inch deep and cover with fine soil. Firm lightly and keep evenly moist.
- Seedlings emerge in 7-10 days depending on soil and weather conditions.
- Thin gradually to stand 8 inches apart so there is enough room for the heads to develop.
How to Grow
- When leaves reach 10 inches long, about 40 days after sowing, tie them together to blanch the center leaves.
- Blanching helps improve the flavor by making the leaves less bitter. Remove bands during rain periods to prevent rotting.
- Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
- Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. Use a rain gauge to check to see if you need to add water. It’s best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated. Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
Harvest and Preserving Tips
- Start harvesting when leaves are 4-6 inches.
- If blanching, cut the plants at their base after two to three weeks of blanching and discard the outer leaves.
- Use the slightly bitter inner leaves to add depth to salads as a garnish.
- Store in the refrigerator. Wash prior to use.