Delicious early and late season heirloom favorite.
Days To Maturity
2-4 weeks BLF
Plant Shipping Information
How to Sow and Plant
Broccoli may be direct sown or started indoors early for fall and spring crops, or purchased as transplants for a fall crop.
Sowing Seed Indoors:
- Start seeds indoors about 8 weeks before outdoor planting.
- Sow seeds ¼ inches deep in seed-starting formula
- Keep the soil moist at 70 degrees F
- Seedlings emerge in 10-21 days
- If you are growing in small cells, you may need to transplant the seedlings to 3 or 4 inch pots when seedlings have at least 3 pairs of leaves before transplanting to the garden so they have enough room to develop strong roots.
Sowing Directly in the Garden:
- Sow in average soil in a sunny location in early spring or in midsummer for a fall crop.
- In rows 2 feet apart, sow seeds thinly and cover with ¼ inch of fine soil.
- Keep evenly moist. Water gently.
- Seedlings emerge in 10-21 days.
- Thin to stand about 16 inches apart when seedlings are 1-2 inches high.
Planting from Transplants in Fall:
- Select a location in full sun with good rich moist organic soil.
- Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Level with a rake to remove clumps of grass and stones.
- Dig a hole for each plant large enough to amply accommodate the root ball. Space plants 1-2 feet apart in rows 2 feet apart.
- Carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently loosen the root ball with your hands to encourage good root development.
- Place the top of the root ball even with the level of the surrounding soil. Fill with soil to the top of the root ball. Press soil down firmly with your hand.
- Use the plant tag as a location marker.
- Thoroughly water and apply a light mulch layer on top of the soil (1-2 inches) to conserve water and reduce weeds.
How to Grow
- While small, floating row covers will help to keep pests at bay.
- Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. Avoid disturbing the soil around the plants when weeding.
- Keep plants well watered during dry periods to promote rapid, uninterrupted growth.
- Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
Harvest and Preserving Tips
- Pick broccoli when the heads have tight, firm buds. This happens about 50-60 days after transplant.
- Cut off central head along with 6 inches of stem so broccoli plants will produce smaller heads, which can also then be harvested.
- Broccoli may be frozen for future use. Cut florets and blanch them. To do this, drop into boiling water for 2 minutes, then plunge into cold water to stop the cooking, drain and store in freezer bags or vacuum bags.
- Eat the heads raw or cooked.
Days To Maturity60-90 daysFruit Size5 inchesSunFull SunSpread12 inchesHeight30-36 inchesSow MethodIndoor SowPlanting TimeFall, SpringSow Time2-4 weeks BLFThin18 inchesLife CycleAnnual