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How to use Hosta

In summer’s soaring temperatures, shade gardens are hot properties: it’s easy to beat the heat in the dappled light under the trees.

Great shade gardens are inviting and relaxing, perfect places for a secluded garden seat, a striking piece of garden art, or a cooling fountain among the lush foliage of choice shade plants. Not all plants do well in shade, but hostas thrive in these conditions, and add texture and richness to the whole garden.

Joann Schwarberg, a landscape architect who lives in Kansas City, likes hostas, but she doesn’t plant them by the dozens, in big circles around trees or in thick ribbons along pathways. Choose just a few, she says, and use them carefully.

“I use hostas like throw pillows,” Schwarberg says. Plant them as though they had spread naturally through a woodland: not in masses, but here and there. “You’re trying to evoke a feeling, not trying to see how many varieties of plants you can put in,” she says. “For me, it’s more about what the plants do for the space.”

Gardens in sun can be relied upon for great splashes of color. In shade, the palette is different, and the mood is, too. “In shade, it’s more about shadow and texture and nuance — and 70 shades of verdant green,” Schwarberg says. “It’s a completely different way to plant.”

Schwarberg chooses shade plants with interesting textures and forms. A hosta with creamy edges adds a splash of light to the shadows; gold-edged hostas or hostas with chartreuse leaves seem to shimmer in the subdued light. Big hostas are dramatically impressive; tiny-leaved hostas invite close inspection, and beguile you with their charm.

Let the plants you love define and fill out the design of your shade garden, Schwarberg says. Combine just eight or ten different plants, repeating them throughout the space. It helps the design hold together, and makes it feel more relaxed than a collector’s garden of innumerable species.

“When you think of a shade garden, you feel cool,” she says. “It’s all about that visceral feeling of cool and woodsy and comfortable.”

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Gardening Tip of the Day

  • If you plan to store winter squash and pumpkins for later use, go easy on applying nitrogen where they grow. And don’t heap on an extra shovelful of manure in late summer to increase fruit size. Too much nitrogen in the soil can reduce storability up to 75 percent. Allow squash and pumpkins to remain on the vine until leaves brown and stems wither. Cut off the vine, dry the harvest in the shade for a couple of days and finally wipe the fruits with a solution of household bleach and water. A half-cup of bleach mixed with a gallon of water will kill fungal spores that cause rot on fruit rinds. Store in a cool, dark place until ready to use.