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Columbine, Quetzal Mix

Short Description

Extraordinary color and texture.

Full Description

Just like the brilliant tail feathers of the famous Long-Tailed Quetzal bird of Central America, these blooms proudly display their extra-large spurs up and outward atop tall 36" stems. Dancing in all directions, they create a lively field of color and texture. Three to 4" flowers cover vigorous plants in all shades, including white, cream, yellow, pink, rose, red, lavender and blue alone with some bicolors.
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Item#: 36165A
Order: 1 Pkt. (60 seeds)
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Columbine, Quetzal Mix
Columbine, Quetzal Mix, , large
Item #: 36165A
1 Pkt. (60 seeds)
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Product properties

Zone This refers to the USDA hardiness zone assigned to each part of the country, based on the minimum winter temperature that a region typically experiences. Hardiness zone ranges are provided for all perennial plants and you should always choose plants that fall within your range.

3-8

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Shade, Part Sun

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

30-36 inches

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

18 inches

Bloom Season The time of the year when this product normally blooms.

Spring, Summer

Resistant To Adverse garden conditions, such as heat or frost, deer or rabbits, that this product can tolerate well.

Deer, Disease, Pests, Rabbit

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Video

Introduction to Perennials
Perennials return year after year blooming on their own. Watch this introduction and discover how easy and rewarding growing perennials can be.
Watch video
Perennials Tour #1
Take a garden tour and see favorite perennial plants in a garden setting. In this video- Shasta Daisy, Ornamental Grass, Butterfly Bush, Echinacea and Hydrangea.
Watch video

Columbine may be grown from seed sown early indoors and transplanted outside after frost, or sown directly in the garden in summer, or grown from potted plants.

Sowing Seed Indoors:

Columbine: Indoor or Direct Sow or Potted Plant Perennial

How to Sow and Plant

Columbine may be grown from seed sown early indoors and transplanted outside after frost, or sown directly in the garden in summer, or grown from potted plants.

Sowing Seed Indoors:

  • Columbine will germinate best if sown in seed trays or pots and chilled (refrigerated) at 40 degrees F for 3 to 4 weeks.
  • Sow indoors using a seed starting kit
  • Just cover the seeds lightly with seed starting formula
  • Keep the soil moist at 65-70 degrees F
  • Seedlings emerge in 22-30 days
  • As soon as seedlings emerge, provide plenty of light on a sunny windowsill or grow seedlings 3-4 inches beneath fluorescent plant lights turned on 16 hours per day, off for 8 hours at night. Raise the lights as the plants grow taller. Incandescent bulbs will not work for this process because they will get too hot. Most plants require a dark period to grow, do not leave lights on for 24 hours.
  • Seedlings do not need much fertilizer, feed when they are 3-4 weeks old using a starter solution (half strength of a complete indoor houseplant food) according to manufacturer’s directions.
  • Before planting in the garden, seedling plants need to be “hardened off”. Accustom young plants to outdoor conditions by moving them to a sheltered place outside for a week. Be sure to protect them from wind and hot sun at first. If frost threatens at night, cover or bring containers indoors, then take them out again in the morning.  This hardening off process toughens the plant’s cell structure and reduces transplant shock and scalding.

Sowing Directly in the Garden:

  • Columbine will germinate best if seed is pre-chilled for 3-4 weeks at 40 degrees F.
  • Choose a location in full sun or part shade with moist, organic soil. Sow in spring to early summer in the North, fall in the South.
  • Remove weeds and work organic matter into the top 6-8 inches of soil; then level and smooth.
  • Sow evenly and thinly cover with ¼ inch of fine soil.
  • Firm the soil lightly and keep it evenly moist.
  • Seedlings will emerge in 22-30 days.
  • Thin to 10 inches apart.

Planting potted plants in the Garden:

  • Select a location in full sun with good rich moist organic soil.
  • Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 6-12, inches removing any debris, and lightly raking as level as possible.
  • The addition of organic matter (leaf mold, compost, well-rotted manure) benefits all gardens and is essential in recently constructed neighborhoods.
  • Plant on a cloudy day or in late afternoon to reduce transplant shock.
  • Dig a hole, approximately 10 inches apart, for each plant large enough to amply accommodate the root ball.
  • Unpot the plant and gently loosen the root ball with your hands to encourage good root growth.
  • Place the top of the root ball even with the level of the surrounding soil. Fill with soil to the top of the root ball. Press soil down firmly with your hand.
  • Use the plant tag as a location marker.
  • Thoroughly water and apply a light mulch layer on top of the soil (1-2 inches) to conserve water and reduce weeds.

How to Grow

  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their germination.
  • Mulches also help retain soil moisture and maintain even soil temperatures. For perennials, an organic mulch of aged bark or shredded leaves lends a natural look to the bed and will improve the soil as it breaks down in time.  Always keep mulches off a plant’s stems to prevent possible rot.
  • Careful watering is essential in getting perennials off to a good start. Water thoroughly at least once a week to help new roots grow down deeply. Soil should be damp at about 1 inch below the soil surface. You can check this by sticking your finger in the soil. Water early in the morning to give all leaves enough time to dry.  One inch of rain or watering per week is recommended for most perennial plants. You can check to see if you need to add water by using a rain gauge.
  • Until plants become established, some protection from extreme winds and direct, hot sunlight may be necessary.  Good air movement is also important.
  • After new growth appears, a light fertilizer may be applied. Keep granular fertilizers away from the plant crown and foliage to avoid burn injury. Use low rates of a slow release fertilizer, as higher rates may encourage root rots.
  • Do not deadhead unless you want to eliminate self-sown seedlings.

Growing Tips

  • Taller cultivars may need staking.
  • Columbines are lovely for borders and excellent for naturalizing woodlands.
  • The blooms make good cut flowers, and the seedpods make interesting additions to dried arrangements.
  • Compact cultivars may be grown in containers.
Zone
3-8
Sun
Full Shade, Part Sun
Height
30-36 inches
Spread
18 inches
Bloom Season
Spring, Summer
Resistant To
Deer, Disease, Pests, Rabbit
Ornamental Use
Borders, Cut Flowers
Planting Time
Fall, Spring
Genus
Aquilegia
Life Cycle
Perennial
Columbine, Quetzal Mix is rated 1.0 out of 5 by 2.
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Not one seed germinated, very dissapointed, love columbines
Date published: 2016-09-15
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Poor germination I bought several varieties of mixed columbine seeds (see other reviews) for my "formal" garden, which has good soil and is watered regularly. Now, in July, I have only a few tiny seedlings. Oddly enough, the cheap seed mix that i picked up at the box store and scattered in the field have sprouted and look healthy. Doubt I'll be throwing my money away on these again!
Date published: 2015-07-06
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