IMPORTANT: You are using an old browser. You will not be able to checkout using this browser for data security reasons. Please use another browser or upgrade this one to continue. Read more.

Fennel, Florence

Short Description

Use fresh fennel leaves in salads or with eggs, fish and sauces.

Full Description

The bulbous stem can be steamed, grilled or served raw; it's like celery with a delicate anise aroma. Chopped and sauteed, it's great with shrimp. Likes full sun and mild to cool weather. Start outside after danger of frost.
Buy this product
Item # Product
Order
Quantity
Price
Item#: 61572A
Order: 1 Pkt. (600 seeds)
- +
$3.95
Add to Wish List

In Stock

Product properties

Sun null

Full Sun

Days To Maturity null

60-90 days

Life Cycle null

Annual

Height null

30 inches

Spread null

16-24 inches

Sow Method null

Direct Sow/Indoor Sow

Planting Time null

Spring, Summer

Thin null

18 inches

Plant Shipping Information

the burpee

difference

100%

satisfaction
guaranteed

non-gmo
since 1876

Images

Fennel, Florence, , large
Enlarge Photo
Print Page
Our Experts Suggest
  • Sowing Seed Indoors:

    • Sow seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost in spring using a seed starting kit
    • Sow seeds ¼ inches deep in seed-starting formula
    • Keep the soil moist at 70 degrees F
    • Seedlings emerge in 7-14 days
    • As soon as seedlings emerge, provide plenty of light on a sunny windowsill or grow seedlings 3-4 inches beneath fluorescent plant lights turned on 16 hours per day, off for 8 hours at night. Raise the lights as the plants grow taller. Incandescent bulbs will not work for this process because they will get too hot. Most plants require a dark period to grow, do not leave lights on for 24 hours.
    • Seedlings do not need much fertilizer, feed when they are 3-4 weeks old using a starter solution (half strength of a complete indoor houseplant food) according to manufacturer’s directions.
    • If you are growing in small cells, you may need to transplant the seedlings to 3 or 4 inch pots when seedlings have at least 3 pairs of leaves before transplanting to the garden so they have enough room to develop strong roots.
    • Before planting in the garden, seedling plants need to be “hardened off”. Accustom young plants to outdoor conditions by moving them to a sheltered place outside for a week. Be sure to protect them from wind and hot sun at first. If frost threatens at night, cover or bring containers indoors, then take them out again in the morning. This hardening off process toughens the plant’s cell structure and reduces transplant shock and scalding.

    Sowing Directly in the Garden:

    • Sow outdoors in spring after the last frost. In frost free areas sow from fall to early spring.
    • Sow in average soil in full sun.
    • Sow seeds thinly and cover with ¼ inch of fine soil.
    • Firm lightly and keep evenly moist.
    • Seedlings emerge in 7-14 days.

    Planting in the Garden:

    • Select a location in full sun where water drains quickly after a rainfall.
    • Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Level with a rake to remove clumps of grass and stones.
    • Dig a hole for each plant large enough to amply accommodate the root ball. 
    • Carefully remove the plant from its pot and gently loosen the root ball, if tight, with your hands to encourage good root development. 
    • Place the top of the root ball even with the level of the surrounding soil. Fill with soil to the top of the root ball. Press soil down firmly with your hand leaving a slight depression around the plant to hold water. 
    • Use the plant tag as a location marker. 
    • Water thoroughly, so that a puddle forms in the saucer you have created. This settles the plants in, drives out air pockets and results in good root-to-soil contact.
    • Do not allow plants to dry out, but never let the soil stay wet. 
    • Thin 10 inches apart when seedlings are 1-2 inches high.
    • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating. 
    • Mulches also help retain soil moisture and maintain even soil temperatures. For herbs, an organic mulch of aged bark or shredded leaves lends a natural look to the bed and will improve the soil as it breaks down in time.  Always keep mulches off a plant's stems to prevent possible rot.
    • Keep plants well-watered during the growing season, especially during dry spells. Plants need about 1 inch of rain per week during the growing season. It's best to water with a drip or trickle system that delivers water at low pressure at the soil level. If you water with overhead sprinklers, water early in the day so the foliage has time to dry off before evening, to minimize disease problems. Keep the soil moist but not saturated. 
    • As a tender perennial, sweet fennel is short-lived but will reseed abundantly.
    • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
    • Enjoy the young leaves as a garnish and flavoring for soups, salads, and fish.
    • Bulbous stems may be roasted, grilled or served raw.
    • Stalks may be used as a celery substitute or used to make broths.
    • Use the tasty seeds crushed or whole in sausage and other meats, as well as to make a refreshing tea with a warm, sweet anise flavor.
    • Fennel’s lacy texture makes it a valuable garden plant and it is also a favorite of black swallowtail butterfly caterpillars. 
    • Fennel may be stored fresh in a plastic bag in the crisper drawer in the fridge for a few days. Separate the stalks from the bulbs and store separately.
    • Fennel bulbs may also be frozen after blanching for three minutes.
    • Leaves may be dried, but lose flavor when dried. Stalks may be dried, but remove the leaves first.
    • Seeds are easily dried.
  • Sun
    Full Sun
    Days To Maturity
    60-90 days
    Life Cycle
    Annual
    Height
    30 inches
    Spread
    16-24 inches
    Sow Method
    Direct Sow/Indoor Sow
    Planting Time
    Spring, Summer
    Thin
    18 inches