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Marigold, Queen Sophia®

Short Description

Large, showy blooms change color as flowers mature.

Full Description

This 1979 All-America Selections winner has large, showy fully double blossoms with russet red petals and a delicate rim of gold on the edges. Blooms early.
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Item#: 30460A
Order: 1 Pkt. (100 seeds)
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$4.95
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Product properties

Sun The amount of sunlight this product needs daily in order to perform well in the garden. Full sun means 6 hours of direct sun per day; partial sun means 2-4 hours of direct sun per day; shade means little or no direct sun.

Full Sun

Height The typical height of this product at maturity.

10 inches

Spread The width of the plant at maturity.

6 inches

Ornamental Use Ways in which the product may be used in the garden for ornamental effect.

Beds

Life Cycle This refers to whether a plant is an annual, biennial or perennial. Annuals complete their life cycles in one year; biennials produce foliage the first year and bloom and go to seed the second year; perennials can live for more than two years.

Annual

Sow Method This refers to whether the seed should be sown early indoors and the seedlings transplanted outside later, or if the seed should be sown directly in the garden at the recommended planting time.

Direct Sow/Indoor Sow

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Video

Annuals Tour #1
Take a garden tour and see favorite annual plants in a garden setting. In this video- Zinnia, Angelonia, Marigold, Petunia, Celosia and Vinca.
Watch video

Marigold may be grown from seed sown early indoors and transplanted outside after frost, or sown directly in the garden after frost, or from potted plants.

Sowing Seed Indoors:

  • Sow indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost using a seed starting kit
  • Sow seeds ¼ inch deep in seed starting soil
  • Keep the soil moist at 70-75 degrees
  • Seedlings emerge in 7-14 days
  • As soon as seedlings emerge, provide plenty of light on a sunny windowsill or grow seedlings 3-4 inches beneath fluorescent plant lights turned on 16 hours per day, off for 8 hours at night. Raise the lights as the plants grow taller. Incandescent bulbs will not work for this process because they will get too hot. Most plants require a dark period to grow, do not leave lights on for 24 hours.
  • Thin to one seedling per cell when they have two sets of leaves.
  • Seedlings do not need much fertilizer, feed when they are 3-4 weeks old using a starter solution (half strength of a complete indoor houseplant food) according to manufacturer’s directions.
  • Transplant hardened-off seedlings to the garden after the frost.
  • Before planting in the garden, seedling plants need to be “hardened off”. Accustom young plants to outdoor conditions by moving them to a sheltered place outside for a week. Be sure to protect them from wind and hot sun at first. If frost threatens at night, cover or bring containers indoors, then take them out again in the morning.  This hardening off process toughens the plant’s cell structure and reduces transplant shock and scalding.

Sowing Directly in the Garden

  • Direct sow seeds in average soil in full sun after all danger of frost. In frost free areas, sow from fall to early spring. In the Deep South, a spot that receives shade during the afternoon helps protect plants from excessive heat. 
  • Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Level with a rake to remove clumps of grass and stones. 
  • Most plants respond well to soils amended with organic matter. Compost is a wonderful form of organic matter with a good balance of nutrients and an ideal pH level, it can be added to your planting area at any time. If compost is not available, top dress the soil after planting with 1-2 inches of organic mulch, which will begin to breakdown into compost. After the growing season, a soil test will indicate what soil amendments are needed for the following season.
  • Sow seeds about 6 inches apart and cover with ¼ inch of fine soil.
  • Firm soil lightly, water and keep evenly moist.
  • Seedlings emerge in 7-14 days.
  • Thin plants to stand 9-12 inches when seedlings are 1 inch high.

Planting Potted Plants:

  • Select a location in full sun with good rich, moist, well drained organic soil. In the deep South, a spot that receives shade during the afternoon helps protect plants from excessive heat. 
  • Prepare the bed by turning the soil under to a depth of 8 inches. Level with a rake to remove clumps of grass and stones. 
  • Most plants respond well to soils amended with organic matter. Compost is a wonderful form of organic matter with a good balance of nutrients and an ideal pH level, it can be added to your planting area at any time. If compost is not available, top dress the soil after planting with 1-2 inches of organic mulch, which will begin to breakdown into compost. After the growing season, a soil test will indicate what soil amendments are needed for the following season.
  • Dig a hole for each plant large enough to amply accommodate the root ball.
  • Set level with the surrounding soil. Fill with soil to the top of the root ball. Press soil down firmly with your hand leaving a slight depression around the plant to hold water.
  • Water thoroughly, so that a puddle forms in the saucer you have created. This settles the plants in, drives out air pockets and results in good root-to-soil contact.
  • Use the plant tag as a location marker.
  • Keep weeds under control during the growing season. Weeds compete with plants for water, space and nutrients, so control them by either cultivating often or use a mulch to prevent their seeds from germinating.
  • Mulches also help retain soil moisture and maintain even soil temperatures. For annuals an organic mulch of shredded leaves lends a natural look to the bed and will improve the soil as it breaks down in time. Always keep mulches off a plant’s stems to prevent possible rot.
  • Keep plants well-watered during the growing season, especially during dry spells. Watering during dry spells will improve flowering--although it will produce lots of succulent leaves.
  • Until plants become established, some protection from extreme winds and direct, hot sunlight may be necessary. Good air movement is also important.
  • After new growth appears, a light fertilizer may be applied. Keep granular fertilizers away from the plant crown and foliage to avoid burn injury. Use low rates of a slow release fertilizer, as higher rates may encourage root rots.
  • Deadhead marigolds to keep them flowering from late spring until frost.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check with your local Cooperative Extension Service for pest controls recommended for your area.
  • Remove plants after they are killed by frost in fall to avoid disease issues the following year.
  • Add marigolds to sunny beds, borders and containers. Plant marigolds with both sun-loving annuals and perennials in your garden. Marigolds combine well with lavenders, salvias or sages, cosmos, daylilies, coreopsis, and nasturtium. 
  • Marigolds are frequently planted among vegetable crops to prevent pest and disease problems. 
  • Many shorter marigold varieties are great for containers.
Sun
Full Sun
Height
10 inches
Spread
6 inches
Ornamental Use
Beds
Life Cycle
Annual
Sow Method
Direct Sow/Indoor Sow
Flowering
true
Bloom Duration
14 weeks
Marigold, Queen Sophia® is rated 3.8 out of 5 by 876.
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Very pretty flowers, dense foliage, grow too big. This has been one of my favorite marigolds to grow. The Flowers look awesome and the foliage is very dense. My only issue with these is they get really big and top heavy. Queen Sophia Marigolds grow really fast and it seems like almost overnight they grow ijnto "Shrubs." The ones I grow in my whiskey barrels eventually fall over or start to lean. Any significant wind event usually ruins them. I found myself re-growing them this season. They grow so fast, it was just a few weeks before my barrels were flourishing but one again they are falling over.
Date published: 2014-10-20
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Pretty, but taller than is listed This is a very nice marigold, however I was looking for a more compact variety like the ones I purchased locally last year which actually were around 6-8 inches tall. These flowers (and maybe it's my dirt, lol) but they are more like 18 inches tall and had I known they would grow to this height I would have looked for a different variety. So it is a nice flower, just taller than anticipated
Date published: 2013-08-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Best Marigold! This Marigold is awesome! It's easy to grow, easy to transplant and once it takes off, it blooms very nice (and abundantly) and they spread very nicely too! Next year, I'm growing them all over my garden! :-D Need more!!
Date published: 2013-07-19
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Spectacular marigold! I'm a fan of interesting varieties of marigolds, and this one has been a star in my garden here in Texas - huge, gorgeous blooms on a sturdy plant that thrives in our climate. I start them from seed in July, plant them out in August, and they put on quite a show in my full sun bed right through our first frost (which often isn't till December). Love this plant!
Date published: 2011-10-02
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Easy to grow indoors. This variety was very simple to grow and I had great results with them indoors. They were so pretty my husband was reluctant to transfer them outdoors.
Date published: 2006-12-31
Rated 5 out of 5 by from WOW!!!!! I love this plant. It's thirving in my garden. VERY easy to care for and very resilient.
Date published: 2006-10-09
Rated 4 out of 5 by from marigold's what is causing a white film and cobwebs on my marigold's
Date published: 2006-06-26
Rated 4 out of 5 by from
Date published: 2006-05-06
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